Explain why and how socialization took place in African traditional society. society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. Traditional religion promotes respect for elders in the society. (vii) God is All Powerful (Omnipotent). God is described with many names, which are God’s attributes. Taking Africa as a whole, there are in reality fi ve important elements that go into the making of African traditional religion. rain, air and sunshine. Most African traditional societies believe that a newborn comes from the spirit world with a message from the gods or ancestors. 24. God is neither the creator nor author of evil 2) Sin comes from the disobedience of God by human beings 3) Evil and misfortune are God’s curse to man (Biblical) while the traditional African society sees evil as curses by ancestors, and elders. The symbol can be found throughout Ghana. In traditional African society, there is implied and widespread belief in a Supreme Being, God. This very idea of Oneness of the Supreme Being is … During sacrifices seeking forgiveness, Africans used to … In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. ... give the person information for the larger society in . In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. The ancestral spirits will intercede who will carry it forward to God, because we also believe in God." God is holy. Africans believe in the existence of a supreme primordial being, the Lord of the 0000002908 00000 n He is a just God. Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. 0000054958 00000 n The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. He protects human beings from evil, e.g. It sees the divinities as beings who receive ... As we study these attributes of God in Africa, we . Londo. This is the popular assumption amongst many African theologians of which Maluleke (1994) is one example. Ancestors maintain a spiritual connection with their living relatives and generally most of them are good and kind. food, air, water and fire. He gives His people rich harvests and large herds of animals, which lead to a healthy population. The African traditional society is a homogenous and close one with its unique characteristic features that set it apart from other cultures of the world. Attributes of God (Supreme Being) in Africa: Attributes of God refers to words or phrases ascribing traits, properties, qualities or characteristics to the Supreme Being. There are different classes of divinities in ATR (African Traditional Religion). The men in traditional Shona society might be said to have ... “The Fulfilment of African Religious Needs through the Bible,” in Rewriting the Bible: The Real Issues (Gweru, ... as a fertility God, Mwari’s attributes corre-spond with aspects of the culture with a woman focus. The S… Must obey God’s laws and commandments. Symbolic representation is not peculiar to African Traditional Religion. (v) God is a provider. Failure to heed these regulations may lead to punishment. The Role of W.A.T.R. The word God (Supreme Being) refers to “the living eternal Being who is the creator and source of all living and … The subject of Hunhu/Ubuntu has generated a lot of debate within public and private intellectual discussions, especially in South Africa and Zimbabwe where the major focus has been on whether or not Hunhu/Ubuntu can compete with other philosophical world views as well as whether or not Hunhu/Ubuntu can solve the socio-political challenges facing the two countries. Another attribute of the traditional African God is that he is Omnipotent; the All-Powerful One. (iii) Good is good. 0000034056 00000 n A. It is used principally to aid man’s perception and concentration and to remind the worshipper of the divine presence. Myths, folklores proverbs therefore become the major sources of African philosophy (Jaja, 1995:28). 0000002537 00000 n 0000001088 00000 n Resurgence of ATR. In many traditional African religions God IS everything and therefore has all attributes. He is impartial in His judgment. b) Write down seven teachings about God from the Traditional African myths of creation. It is found in most religions. > Did the Africans believe in God before the missionaries came? This is the first among the African initiation rites. In Ghana for example among the Akans God is referred to as "Nyankopon" which means "Greater among friends." The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. In the traditional African society, God was given different attributes. African traditional religions have a strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an integral part of the everyday lives of many Zimbabweans. Such things are regarded as “divine” due to th… Well, Africa is a large continent. 6. a) Identify six causes of death in the Traditional African Community b) Explain how Africans demonstrated their belief that death was not the end of life 7. They depend on God for the most essential requirements of life e.g. Religion and Reproductive Health in West African Traditional Religion. This Ghanaian Adinkra symbol means \"except for God\" and symbolizes the supremacy of God. heals the sick. It is an accepted position that the African Initiated Churches (AICs) were formed as a result of the search for a unique African identity and culture. trailer 0000001493 00000 n God being the creator was well understood, they believed God had smaller deities. Each name has serious significance and authority to the supreme being called God. In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are … Therefore, there is no single African traditional religion that can be seen as a generalized representation of the religious and cultural beliefs of the people of Africa. (a) West African Traditional … in Conflict Resolution and Management (a) Introduction – meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. Resurgence of ATR. 4. <]/Prev 175811>> Africans have different names for God they worship. Hunhu/Ubuntu is also a key theme in African philosophy as it places an imperative on the importance of group or communal existence as op… From our own study of the African Traditional Religion, we find there are unmistakably elements of animism. God is good. O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. (a) Afrikania Missions (Ghana) (b) Godianism (Nigeria) (c) The future of West African Traditional Religion. The traditional African religions or traditional beliefs and practices of African people are a set of highly diverse beliefs that includes various ethnic religions. (of authority or an office, or someone holding it) superior to all others: a unified force with a supreme commander.…, The African diaspora is a term that refers to the dispersal of African peoples to form a distinct, transnational community. When spirits . The Role of W.A.T.R. preme / səˈprēm; soō-/ • adj. While the statement that the gods died at any time in African history can be challenged, it is obvious that, within the past two decades, African Traditional Religion has enjoyed some measure of resurgence or revival. To understand the issue one must go back to the beginnings of anthropology in the 19th century and follow its evolution (see 19th-Century Background ). In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. (a) Meaning and types of stress situation in West Africa traditional society (b) Causes and effects of stress situations (c) Management of stress situations. According to Wikipedia, in religious terms, divinity or godhead is the state of things that come from a supernatural power or deity, such as a god, supreme being, creator deity, or spirits, and are therefore regarded as sacred and holy. In the African philosophical-theology, God’s relationship with the smaller divinities and spirits are only a manifestation of the attributes of the Supreme God. In many traditional African religions God IS everything and therefore has all attributes. He is immortal and lives forever. He/She is both good and evil, generous and stingy, ect. traditional african concept of evil It is an offense against another person of the community or it is an offense against God, the spirits or ancestors. In Christianity God is said to be all-powerful. African traditional religions have a strong foothold in contemporary Zimbabwe as an integral part of the everyday lives of many Zimbabweans. If this is the object of the symbol, it must be wrong to describe it as an idol. These classes depends on the different location within the African society. Failure to heed these regulations may lead to punishment. In the Pentecostal fold, the spirit possession in the African Traditional Religion is classified under other evil spirits which are not from God but from a satanic Traditional African religion is a way of life in which ancestors are part and parcel of every major or minor event such as wedding, births and deaths as well as fetching firewood. These are belief in God, belief in divinities, belief in Spirits, belief in the ancestors, and the practice of magic and medicine, each with its own consequent, attendant cult .5 It is composed of initiating the infant through a naming ceremony. rain, air and sunshine. (a) Introduction - meaning/concept of conflict in West African traditional society. 0000001151 00000 n There are so many other great attributes of God in African religious ontology which we may not expatiate in this work such as: God is the absolute controller of the universe, God is Omnipotent, Omnipresent and Omniscient in Africa; the Supreme Being is one in Africa; God is good and merciful, and God is Holy. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural and passed down from one generation to another through folk tales, songs and festivals, include belief in an amount of higher and lower gods, sometimes including a supreme creator or force, … This means attributing a living soul to inanimate objects and natural phenomena. Pan Afric…, God's Bible School and College: Tabular Data, God's Bible School and College: Narrative Description, God's Bible School and College: Distance Learning Programs, Goddard College: Distance Learning Programs, Cosmology, article on African Cosmologies, https://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/god-african-supreme-beings. While the statement that the gods died at any time in African history can be challenged, it is obvious that, within the past two decades, African Traditional Religion has enjoyed some measure of resurgence or revival. God shows mercy in times of danger, illness, difficulty or anxiety. II. African Ceremonies Inc, a 501c3 charitable foundation, is dedicated to the preservation of African tribal traditions through the photographic documentation of ceremonies and customs, thereby ensuring that the strength and essence of African culture is preserved for the history of mankind and for the education of future generations. African communities are aware of the existence of evil in the society and the existence of evil in the society and they try to avoid it. %PDF-1.5 %���� He comforts the sorrowful e.g. 2.Belief in Mystical Powers The African societies and ethnic communities believed in a supreme being who had different names for different communities.The people worshiped this God through singing,offering sacrifices,dancing,dedications as well as invoking blessings. 0000008471 00000 n 0000002650 00000 n God is experienced as an all-pervading reality. (e) The Impact of Urbanization on West African Traditional Religion. Those who obey prosper. 0000005573 00000 n He/She is both good and evil, generous and stingy, ect. K���?h,5f��.f�R�#ԩ. 0000002502 00000 n The paper shows that the concept of God is not strange to Africans but in traditional Africa there is no atheist. Are less powerful than God. It is the most popular for decoration and can often be seen printed on cloth or stamped on pottery.The rapid spread of Pentecostal Christianity and fundamentalist Islam has greatly affected the role of indigenous religion in African society. Explain how wealth was acquired in African Traditional Society. Are less powerful than God. Contemporary Situations. delegated powers to act by the Ultimate God. In traditional African societies, nature was regarded as a gift by a supreme Creator God for the benefit of humanity who believed that mankind was created at the centre of the universe. The ability of African Traditional Religions to promote the community ideal of peaceful and harmonious co-existence in contemporary African society is in a state of progressive decline. society, which a traditional form of education seeks to achieve. Both curses lead to misfortunes. In this vein, religious symbolist would argue that African spirits and deities are symbolic representatives of reality. the case of a prophet or soothsayer. God is merciful- The Akamba refer to God as “God of pity”, the ‘merciful one’. Concepts of God in the traditional African society and in Christianity . c) What are the consequences of breaking taboos in traditional African Communities? These are among others: God is Good – Nearly all-African communities describe God as being good to all people and things. Does not process there own states. Contemporary Situations. Gods were brought into Egypt. States Societies. 0000000636 00000 n This ambivalence of God being both transcendent and immanent among the Nuer, one of the Primal societies, is pointed out by Evans-Pritchard (2004). Africa occupies the 20% of the world area and has the 14% of its population. Background to African traditional religion African religion involves the whole of the African’s life: the environment, values, culture, self-awareness—a complete worldview. (a) God is real to Africans: Africans do not perceive of God as an abstract entity whose existence is in the mind. II. Fafunwa (1974:13) observes that: The aim of traditional African education is multilateral and the end objective is to produce an individual who is honest, respectful, skilled, co-operative and conforms to the social order of the day. 6. a) Identify six causes of death in the Traditional African Community b) Explain how Africans demonstrated their belief that death was not the end of life 7. These attributes are anthropomorphic in nature. traditional African takes the character of critical reflection of the African understanding of reality and world view. Rather attributes of God in African religion can be found in the songs, proverbs, sayings, recitals and liturgies of so many African people. He is not evil and did not create evil. 0000005242 00000 n h�b```��,��@��Y8�D�G�1O`������E���9�,��,�LיΰT3/d������]P���{�'��1NX�|Fd�wr���`��*Wэ=��. It is most often used to…, Afrocentrism has a long and often misunderstood history. He removes suffering from communities. 0000001949 00000 n The ancestral spirits will intercede who will carry it forward to God, because we also believe in God." In Africa, God is viewed in both immanent and transcendent dimensions. (ii) God is everlasting / eternal. (vi) God is merciful. 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