Dramas and novels were also produced in great number, and a group of dramatists came forth with Guan Hanqing as the representative. The Yuan era naval advances has been described as a successor of the Song dynasty achievements and an antecedent of the Ming's treasure fleets. The Yuan dynasty 元 (1279-1368) was the house of the great Mongol khan Qubilai (Chinese name Emperor Shizu 元世祖, r. 1260-1294) and his descendants that ruled over China.

The Yuan Dynasty (AD 1261-1368) Khubilai Khan obtained his throne without a proper assembly, and hence he had lost the kind of mandate over ruling the other Mongol khanates. The Yuan Dynasty collapsed. During the Yuan Dynasty, trade was fostered and the production industry was nurtured.

Advances were realized in the fields of travel literature, cartography and geography, and scientific education. It remained in use until the late Middle Ages. A new kind of literature form called Yuan drama was rather prosperous during that period. Today, a small part of the old route is a paved highway between Pakistan and China.

Yuan Qu (Lyric Song), Tang Poem and Song Poetry all became part of China's cultural heritage.

During this era, the population of the Yuan Empire grew to about 87 million. As a very important dynasty in Chinese history, Yuan not only act as a connecting link between Song and Ming Dynasty, but also have great achievements in numerous fields.

Yuan dynasty was founded by Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan, in 1279 when the Mongols overran the Song dynasty. Together with the Tang poem and 'ci' poem in the Song Dynasty (960 - 1279), this drama was one of the outstanding Chinese literary heritages. The Yuan dynasty was the age in which blue-and-white porcelain was born and became a significant trade good. The Yuan Dynasty also made great achievements in culture and science, particularly in astronomy. However, they were overthrown just under a century later and replaced by the Ming Dynasty.

In 1351, a rebellion called the Red Turban Rebellion began. Beautiful paintings and ceramics were produced that continued trends that began in the Tang and Song Dynasties.

The Yuan remnants retreated to Mongolia after Yingchang fell to the Ming in 1370, and there formally carried on the name Great Yuan in what is known as the Northern Yuan dynasty.

By moving the capital to Peking from Karakorum (rebuilt by Ogedei in AD 1235), he had changed the old Mongol yasaq.

At the latter period of the dynasty, political corruption and the heavy economic burden of corvee caused a succession of peasant uprisings. ChinaKnowledge.de - An Encyclopaedia on Chinese History, Literature and Art Yuan is a formable country in Asia.Historically, the Yuan Dynasty was founded in China in 1271 after the Mongol Conquests to serve the legitimacy of the Mongol emperors. The Yuan Dynasty’s decline was marked by natural disasters associated with the Little Ice Age that occurred at the end of the dynastic era, resulting in a lot of suffering that weakened the empire. It is considered both as a division of the Mongol Empire and as an imperial dynasty of China.

The Yuan Dynasty also made great achievements in culture and science, particularly in astronomy.

Dramas and novels were also produced in great number, and a group of dramatists came forth with Guan Hanqing as the representative.

The Yuan Dynasty …

The Silk Road was a network of trade routes that linked Asia with Europe. It was established by Kublai Khan, leader of the vast Mongol Empire, and fell into internal rebellion after it lost touch with its Mongol roots. Re-establishing the Yuan dynasty brings great rewards due to its superb idea set, which combines military and expansionary power.

The Yuan Dynasty was the ethnic-Mongolian dynasty that ruled China from 1279 to 1368 and founded in 1271 by Kublai Khan, the grandson of Genghis Khan.The Yuan Dynasty was preceded by the Song Dynasty from 960 to 1279 and followed by the Ming which lasted from 1368 to 1644.